Brian Cable MD Shoulder Dislocation and Treatment
Brian Cable MD explains osteoporosis and osteopenia.
What does the ACL do? Within the knee joint, there are two main ligaments which act to stabilize motion – the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL). Anatomically, they “cross” each other in the center of the joint (Fig 1), hence the name ‘cruciate’. The primary function of the ACL is to prevent anterior translation of the […]
What is a herniated disc? It is helpful to review some spine anatomy before discussing the term herniated disc, also known as a ‘bulging’ or ‘slipped’ disc. In between each bone (vertebra) which makes up the spine, there are discs of soft tissue which act as cushions and allow movement. Known as intervertebral discs, they […]
What is carpal tunnel syndrome? Pain and numbness in the hand and fingers is a common complaint and can have many causes. First, let’s look at some anatomy. As can be seen in Fig 1, there are multiple tendons and a major nerve in an enclosed space known as the carpal tunnel. By far, the most common […]
What is tennis elbow? The most common cause of elbow pain is due to the overload of a group of tendons as they attach onto a part the bone known as the lateral epicondyle (Fig 1). This overload leads to microtears and degeneration of the tendon, a condition known as lateral epicondylitis or ‘tennis elbow’ (Fig 2). Why do […]